Melatonin 3mg tablets are a man made variant of one of the body’s natural hormones. It is a prescription medication, available under multiple brand names, that helps to regulate the sleep/wake cycle and make it easier to rest. Melatonin is usually prescribed for older patients over 55, and sometimes for children, for the treatment of short term sleep disorders. This may include insomnia, shift work disorder, and jet lag.
How Melatonin Works
In healthy adults and children, the body naturally releases the hormone melatonin when exposed to a dark environment. This release communicates to the brain that the conditions are suitable for sleeping, creating a feeling of tiredness and facilitating sleep.
However, if the body doesn’t respond to dark environments as expected, failing to release enough melatonin to trigger communications to the brain, problems falling asleep and staying asleep may occur. Melatonin 3mg tablets synthetically boost levels of melatonin in the body, making the brain believe that it’s time for the body to sleep.
- Melatonin 3mg is often prescribed to treat:
- Short term sleep disorders
- Temporary insomnia
- Jet lag
- Shift work disorder
- Migraines and headaches
- Pre or post surgery anxiety
Patients will usually see results by taking one Melatonin 3mg tablet per day. However, dosages can vary depending on the reason for the prescription, so it is important to take the medicine as advised by the prescribing doctor. A typical course lasts between one and four weeks, and it is vital to complete the full course, even if you feel better.
For sleep disorders, Melatonin 3mg is best taken one to two hours before bedtime, giving the medicine time to work. The tablets should be taken by mouth with food. If a dose is missed, skip and take the next dose as normal. Do not take a double dose.
Melatonin Side Effects
Melatonin is generally considered to be safe when taken as prescribed. However, as with many medications, some patients may experience mild side effects, including:
- Daytime sleepiness
- Dry mouth
- Itchy skin
- Unusual dreams or nightmares
- Night sweats
- Pain in the arms, legs, or stomach
Taking Melatonin with food may alleviate the severity of some side effects.
It is important for patients to read the patient information leaflet in the packaging for a full list of possible side effects from taking Melatonin 3mg. Always consult with the prescribing doctor if side effects persist. If experiencing difficulty breathing, call 999.
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